Chapter

Toward a Modern Moral Economy

John Mason Hart

in The City as Subject

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780520228498
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520926837 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520228498.003.0005
Toward a Modern Moral Economy

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This chapter documents the Japanese industrial development and issues in the Meiji Era, and gives an insight into how historians continue to debate on the importance of proto-industrialization, government-owned enterprise, and social capitalism. Before the chemical industries and machinery took off during the First World War, Japan was dominating the textile industry, and most of its industrial workers were women. In 1909, women laborers constituted 62 percent of all factory laborers, and in 1930, they still presented 52.6 percent. Issues were raised because the growing numbers of female workers were mostly underage. This kind of issue aroused the policymakers and moral-issue commentators, and as a result, the government responded initially by placing severe restrictions on union recruitment and public assembly under the Public Peace Police Law of 1900.

Keywords: Japanese industrial development; economy; social capitalism

Chapter.  16607 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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