Chapter

Hispano Fortunes in New Mexico, 1598–1900

Charles Montgomery

in The Spanish Redemption

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780520229716
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927377 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520229716.003.0002
Hispano Fortunes in New Mexico, 1598–1900

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This chapter provides the mix of Hispano gains and losses that made the revival possible, exploring the evolution of Spanish-speaking society. The tale of Cleofas Jaramillo takes its place in the larger history of Hispano society on the upper Rio Grande, a history of flowering and decline that gave rise to the Spanish revival. As a symbol of hybridity, genízaros played a crucial role in defining social differences. Representing the lowest and most dishonorable stratum of colonial society, genízaros stood in counterpoint to españoles, the people of highest status. The account highlights dimensions of material change: the rewards and losses associated with struggles over land and commerce. It then addresses the problem of race in order to complete the story, and to begin describing the making of a modern Spanish heritage.

Keywords: Hispano society; Spanish heritage; Rio Grande; Cleofas Jaramillo; genízaros; Spanish revival

Chapter.  14158 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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