Mission Architecture and Colonial Civility, 1904–1920

Charles Montgomery

in The Spanish Redemption

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780520229716
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927377 | DOI:
Mission Architecture and Colonial Civility, 1904–1920

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This chapter reviews the rise of Spanish colonial imagery in architectural design. Indians in the 1880s were ready to be observed, studied, and even glorified. Supported by the railroad, tourism in turn-of-the-century New Mexico was transformed from a haphazard excursion among curio shops into a well-orchestrated encounter with Native American cultures. The connection between the railroad and a Spanish heritage was indirect: the line of influence ran first to southern California. The source of New Mexico's architectural inspiration was the railroad. Amid the claims and counterclaims, New Mexicans dedicated the Museum of Fine Arts. The Museum of New Mexico was devoted principally to the study of Native American archaeology and culture. The rejection presented indicated the racial inequality lurking behind perorations on a Spanish colonial civilization.

Keywords: architectural design; railroad; tourism; New Mexico; Spanish heritage; Spanish colonial civilization; southern California; racial inequality

Chapter.  16400 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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