Chapter

Reforming Education, Transforming Religion, 1876–1931

George M. Thomas, Lisa R. Peck and Channin G. De Haan

in The Secular Revolution

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2003 | ISBN: 9780520230002
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936706 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230002.003.0008
Reforming Education, Transforming Religion, 1876–1931

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Progressive movements revolutionized educational ideology. This chapter studies the Progressive reform period, 1876 through 1931, focusing on the interplay between people organizing movements to reform mass education and the institutional contexts that reinforced or attenuated their influence. The approach studied tends to reduce the declining fortunes of religion to inevitable large-scale processes such as differentiation, objective functional adaptations, or powerful economic interests. The chapter also describes the institutional context of education through 1875 and presents an overview of educational reform during the period 1876–1931, following which it discusses theoretical approaches to secularization. Furthermore, it describes the national Progressive movements pressing for education reform and their goals, and explores how they influenced mass education. Finally, the chapter draws out an analysis to reflect how these processes resulted in increased secularization.

Keywords: education; religion; secularization; educational reform; Progressive movements

Chapter.  17011 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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