Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners

James A. Millward and Mark C. Elliott

in Empire at the Margins

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780520230156
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927537 | DOI:
Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners

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Cui Zhilu's actions and attitudes raise a number of questions regarding the operation of categories of identity in the Eight Banners, questions that form the subject of this chapter: How should one understand such categories as “Manchu,” “Mongol,” and “Hanjun”? Did they signify modes of identity we might understand as “ethnic”? The importance of the Eight Banners was not limited to what they represented in terms of military force. In administering for over three centuries the coalition of various northern frontier populations that brought off the Qing conquest in 1644, the banners played a central part both in constructing Qing identities and in maintaining Qing power into the twentieth century.

Keywords: Cui Zhilu; Eight Banners; Mongol; Manchu; Hanjun; military force; Qing conquest

Chapter.  15075 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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