Ethnic Labels in a Mountainous Region: The Case of She “Bandits”

Wing-hoi Chan

in Empire at the Margins

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780520230156
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927537 | DOI:
Ethnic Labels in a Mountainous Region: The Case of She “Bandits”

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The She is an ethnic group living in some mountainous areas of South China. The She occupy an important place in histories of the Hakka. The recent work of S. T. Leong on the Hakka still considers as fundamental the conflict between “the aboriginal She” and “the Han Chinese, long-standing residents and vagrants alike.” Like those who would become known as the Hakka, the She were mostly migrants that came out of the ordinary population. They found themselves in conflict with regular locals rather than with the aborigines in the borderland. Eventually the state established new administrative centers to enhance its control of the borderland and the integration of the newcomers into local society. This reduced the political salience of She identity.

Keywords: She; South China; Hakka; Han Chinese; S. T. Leong; borderland

Chapter.  13890 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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