Chapter

Collective Action toward a Sustainable City: <i>Citizens’ Movements and Environmental Politics in Taipei</i>

Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao and Liu Hwa-Jen

in Livable Cities?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520230248
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935976 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230248.003.0003
Collective Action toward a Sustainable City: Citizens’ Movements and Environmental Politics in Taipei

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This chapter presents two stories of community mobilization in Taipei: defending living space and birth of a five-hectare city park, Nos. 14–15 Park. These two vignettes show both the successes and failures of urban environmental activism in Taiwan's capital city, Taipei. It also attempts to discuss the pattern of development to which the protesters were reacting. It then reviews the varieties of community-based environmental activism during the eighties and nineties and its impact on environmental policies. The issue raised by the two vignettes is addressed: the relationship between sustainability and social justice. In the process of struggle, local communities have served as agents of environmental action. The responsiveness of both the national and municipal governments has proven the political efficacy of community action. The idea that the improvement of the urban environment cannot be divorced from the realization of social justice must become a more integral part of movement ideology.

Keywords: community mobilization; Taipei; urban environmental activism; sustainability; social justice; citizens' movements

Chapter.  10617 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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