Social and Spatial Inequalities in Hungarian Environmental Politics: <i>A Historical Perspective</i>

Zsuzsa Gille

in Livable Cities?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520230248
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935976 | DOI:
Social and Spatial Inequalities in Hungarian Environmental Politics: A Historical Perspective

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This chapter presents the politics of toxic wastes, which shows a very different picture of industrial pollution in this transition. It also adds a new dimension to the issue of sustainability. It discusses the plight of the small town of Garé. It examines the actual mechanisms of state-society communication about environmental matters under state socialism and illustrates that certain groups and certain issues were in fact favored by this mechanism. The history of Garé's dump offers a general lesson about what social and political dynamics prevent an environmental state-society synergy from developing but also offers a vision of what sort of alliances and communications between agents are necessary for moving toward a synergistically created sustainable society. The wastes Budapest Chemical Works (BCW) deposited in Garé resulted from the firm's failure to rely on state subsidies and from pressures from the world market.

Keywords: industrial pollution; sustainability; Garé; state socialism; Hungarian environmental politics; Budapest Chemical Works; sustainable society

Chapter.  12435 words. 

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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