Chapter

Political Strategies for More Livable Cities: <i>Lessons from Six Cases of Development and Political Transition</i>

Peter Evans

in Livable Cities?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780520230248
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935976 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230248.003.0008
Political Strategies for More Livable Cities: Lessons from Six Cases of Development and Political Transition

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This chapter evaluates findings of the six studies with respect to communities, NGOs, political parties, and states as actors in pursuit of livability. The influence of the global context of the “twin transitions” to market orientation and electoral democracy on the pursuit of livability in this set of cities is assessed. It also explains the overall implications of this research for the feasibility of generating ecologies of agents that will in fact contribute to livability. These studies provide a variety of compelling illustrations of how poverty puts poor communities on the front lines of battles for sustainability. The external connections that intermediaries provide play an essential role in enabling communities to become effective agents of livability. Communities and NGOs are suspicious of supporting plans to increase the capacity of state agencies as long as construction firms and real estate developers appear to be the state's dominant interlocutors.

Keywords: communities; NGOs; political parties; states; livability; electoral democracy; poor communities; market orientation

Chapter.  9849 words. 

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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