Chapter

Scientific Racism in Service of the Reich: German Anthropologists in the Nazi Era

Gretchen E. Schafft

in Annihilating Difference

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780520230286
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927575 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230286.003.0005
Scientific Racism in Service of the Reich: German Anthropologists in the Nazi Era

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This chapter focuses on how Nazi anthropologists were deeply implicated in another form of manufacturing difference, namely the creation of the alleged “characteristics” of different social groups. It reveals that after World War II broke out, many Nazi anthropologists became even more intimately involved in the atrocities committed during the Holocaust. It also tries to determine why Nazi anthropologists participated in genocide, and suggests that anthropologists such as Eugon Fischer were partly driven by the desire for advancement and to continue doing scientific research.

Keywords: Nazi anthropologists; alleged characteristics; social groups; genocide; Eugon Fischer; scientific research

Chapter.  8937 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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