Boom, Bust, and Boom

Donald J. Pisani

in Water and American Government

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2002 | ISBN: 9780520230309
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927582 | DOI:
Boom, Bust, and Boom

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This chapter looks at the federal reclamation during the 1920s. It first determines that the federal reclamation clashed with powerful trends in American agriculture, and that farms continued to be abandoned. This is followed by a description of a long memo entitled “Reconstruction”, which was prepared by William Ellsworth Smythe. This reflected the old-fashioned homemaking ideal that had ruled American land policy during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The discussion then introduces the Lane-Mondell Bill, which supported a partnership between central government and the states. Tenancy, land monopoly, the reclamation fund, and the Reclamation Reform of the 1920s are all examined. The next few sections focus on the decrease in popularity of the Bureau of Reclamation, which was partly due to low crop prices. The chapter reveals that the Reclamation Bureau transferred to the South following its low popularity in the West.

Keywords: federal reclamation; trends; agriculture; Reconstruction; homemaking ideal; land policy; Lane-Mondell Bill; tenancy; land monopoly; reclamation fund

Chapter.  14735 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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