Chapter

From Imperial Capital to Republican City

Madeleine Yue Dong

in Republican Beijing

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2003 | ISBN: 9780520230507
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927636 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230507.003.0002
From Imperial Capital to Republican City

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This chapter relates the story of Republican Beijing's modernization, focusing especially on changes in the city's basic spatial plan and administrative system. It explains that the foundation of Beijing was laid during the Yuan dynasty, and that when the Republic was established in 1912, Beijing had to redefine its raison d'être and the principles underlying its organization as a city. The chapter highlights the republican government's belief that the physical evidences of Beijing's imperial past were obstacles to modernization and had to be removed. Some of the changes included the adjustment in the relationship between the demands of urban development and the creation of a new spatial order, and the change in the relationship between the city and the countryside.

Keywords: Republican Beijing; modernization; administrative system; imperial past; urban development; spatial order; countryside

Chapter.  12195 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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