Chapter

Power: The City and Its People

Madeleine Yue Dong

in Republican Beijing

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2003 | ISBN: 9780520230507
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927636 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230507.003.0003
Power: The City and Its People

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This chapter examines how major interest groups involved in the reshaping of Republican Beijing's urban form struggled over the meanings of political concepts, commercial interests, and cultural and historical identities of local communities. It explores the operation of and interaction among the municipal government, commercial interests, and ordinary urban residents through the Xuanwu Gate project; the establishment of the street-car system; and the naming of streets. The chapter argues that while the reshaping of Republican Beijing was initially planned and initiated by the state, the state's efforts to establish a certain urban identity were balanced to a considerable degree by residents' struggles for their material interests in the spaces being transformed.

Keywords: Republican Beijing; urban form; political concepts; commercial interests; local communities; municipal government; Xuanwu Gate project; street-car system; urban identity

Chapter.  9691 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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