Chapter

The Gendered Impact of Multilateralism in the Post-Yugoslav States

Edith Klein

in Sites of Violence

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780520230729
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520937055 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520230729.003.0013
The Gendered Impact of Multilateralism in the Post-Yugoslav States

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This chapter describes the multilateral intervention of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the interethnic conflict in Kosova/o, marked by the launch of an escalating military action and bombardments of strategic sites in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Kosova/o. It starts with a much-needed discussion of the gender politics of NATO by focusing on how multilateral militarism is taking place in a context of a globalizing world economy and within highly militarized (unelected) international organizations. Humanitarian motives and democratizing goals were not the primary force animating participants in reconstruction. The coercive constitutionalism practiced by international bodies such as the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) may in fact be a contractual agreement for a protectorate, creating a state that serves no purpose except to maintain a holding pattern suited to the “protector.” The recent dramatic increase in militarized civil conflicts reflects several trends — often contradictory — in social and political organization.

Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organization; gender politics; military action; Yugoslavia; Kosova; world economy; humanitarian; globalization

Chapter.  10714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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