Chapter

Biodiversity and Conservation

Thomas H. Boyle and Edward F. Anderson

in Cacti

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780520231573
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927889 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0008
Biodiversity and Conservation

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Cacti inhabit a wide diversity of climatic regions and ecosystems. Like many other plants, cacti populations are seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities such as illegal collecting. This chapter examines the biodiversity of both wild and cultivated cacti, and discusses contemporary and long-term issues pertaining to conservation of cacti. It first describes the factors affecting biodiversity of cacti and the estimation of genetic diversity in wild and cultivated cacti, and then discusses the effects of habitat destruction and collection on biodiversity loss of wild cacti. International activities that encourage the conservation of cacti are also presented.

Keywords: cacti; habitat destruction; illegal collecting; biodiversity; wild cacti; cultivated cacti; conservation; genetic diversity

Chapter.  10173 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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