Chapter

Cactus Pear Fruit Production

Paolo Inglese, Filadelfio Basile and Mario Schirra

in Cacti

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780520231573
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927889 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0010
Cactus Pear Fruit Production

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Many species of the Cactaceae produce edible fruits. Among the approximately 1,600 species in this family, the genus Opuntia has the most relevant role in agriculture. The cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica [L.] Mill.) is cultivated for fruit production in all continents except Antarctica. The main producing country is Mexico, with a production of over 345,000 tons fresh mass year-1 on about 70,000 ha of specialized plantations. This chapter outlines the basics of cactus pear cultivation, including site selection, cultivars, harvesting, fruit productivity, and fruit quality, and also discusses the economic features, postharvest physiology, and postharvest fruit management.

Keywords: Cactaceae; Opuntia ficus-indica; Mexico; cactus pear cultivation; postharvest fruit management

Chapter.  15172 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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