Chapter

The North American Bison

George C. Frison

in Survival by Hunting

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780520231900
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520927964 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520231900.003.0004
The North American Bison

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This chapter examines the earliest North American bison based on paleontological and archaeological records. It explains that the first bison native to North America was Bison latifrons which is the largest North American fossil bison and that as taxonomic trends changed, the late Pleistocene and early Holocene bison began to fall into two species designations, Bison antiques and Bison occidentalis. It contends that the behavioral patterns of the extinct species resembled those of the modern species because of many similar strategies for bison hunting over more than 11,000 years.

Keywords: North American bison; Bison latifrons; Bison antiques; Bison occidentalis; bison hunting; behavioral patterns

Chapter.  21715 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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