Chapter

The Origins and Elaboration of Rank in the Early and Middle Formative Periods

Charles Stanish

in Ancient Titicaca

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780520232457
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928190 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520232457.003.0006
The Origins and Elaboration of Rank in the Early and Middle Formative Periods

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This chapter examines the origins and evolution of ranked society in the Early and Middle Formative Periods in the Titicaca Basin. It explains that during Early Formative, sites were small, homogeneous and scattered over the landscape in a manner that optimized natural resources. During the Middle Formative, some of these sites grew in size relative to the rest of the villages in their immediate area. The Middle Formative also witnessed the formation of two cultural traditions in the north and south Titicaca Basin: the Chiripa and Qaluyu. This chapter suggests that the development of ranked societies in the region at this time is materially evident in the creation of a new architectural style, the development of fancy pottery traditions, the carving and erecting of stelae, and the development of at least a two-tiered site size hierarchy.

Keywords: ranked society; Titicaca Basin; cultural traditions; Chiripa; Qaluyu; architectural style

Chapter.  17725 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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