Ivan T. Berend

in History Derailed

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2003 | ISBN: 9780520232990
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520932098 | DOI:

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Expansionist plans and conflicts in the “age of empire” between 1870 and 1914 led to bloody confrontations between the main players. The origins of the war were much more complex, and seeking to explain them is far beyond the scope of this book. The outbreak of the war, whatever the explanation, was a watershed. It was greeted with euphoria in Europe. The interminable war offered some hope for Germany in 1917–18: the Russian revolution and armistice made possible a major regrouping of the German army and a decisive new offensive in the west. The Great War spectacularly closed the “long” nineteenth century, because it destroyed all the pillars of its world system. In Central and Eastern Europe, the new era failed to open a new chapter of development and catch up with the West: instead, decades of crises followed.

Keywords: World War I; Great War; Germany; Russian revolution; German army; West

Chapter.  2449 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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