Chapter

Jews at Court

Sara Raup Johnson

in Historical Fictions and Hellenistic Jewish Identity

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780520233072
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928435 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233072.003.0001
Jews at Court

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Any study of the Jewish texts that purport to be historical must survive as independent, self-contained narratives in or associated with the manuscripts of the Septuagint. All purport to give an authentic account of some incident in Jewish history, yet are so compounded with elements of the fantastic that the basic historicity of the events they report has been generally rejected. These texts include four composed originally in Hebrew or Aramaic and later translated into Greek—Esther, Daniel, Judith, and Tobit—and three analogous texts originally composed in Greek, the Letter of Aristeas, Second Maccabees, and Third Maccabees. All are in some sense variations on the so-called court narrative—that is, a self-contained narrative focusing on the relationship between at least one prominent Jew and a foreign king, in which the Jewish hero inevitably emerges triumphant and the foreign king is humbled by or is reconciled with the hero, or both.

Keywords: Septuagint; Hebrew; Aramaic; Daniel; Tobit

Chapter.  24657 words. 

Subjects: Classical Literature

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