Chapter

Monastic Patronage and the Two Churches of Constantinople

Daniel Caner

in Wandering, Begging Monks

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9780520233249
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928503 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233249.003.0007
Monastic Patronage and the Two Churches of Constantinople

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In 451, the Council of Chalcedon issued the first disciplinary canon for monks to bring them episcopal control. The fourth canon that the Council issued imposed official distinction on monastic legitimacy, which would influence secular and canonical laws on monks for centuries to come. By the provisions of the fourth canon, monks who remained in monasteries approved by the local bishop would be recognized, while those who wandered in cities and established themselves wherever they went would face excommunication. Many say that wandering monks were largely responsible for elevating urban violence into one of the major problems of the late Roman world.

Keywords: Chalcedon; monks; Constantinople; canon

Chapter.  17233 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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