Chapter

The Civic Landscape

Ian F. Mcneely

in The Emancipation of Writing

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780520233300
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928527 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233300.003.0002
The Civic Landscape

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This chapter introduces the scribes by exploring their institutional power and demographic profile, but it unfolds at a measured pace, by first situating them in Württemberg's pre-Napoleonic civic landscape. It also discusses the political culture and social geography of the old-regime duchy, and then moves on to anatomize the institutions where scribes and citizens encountered each other before the French invasions. The Landtag's independence from the duke gave significant vitality to the sphere of burgher-dominated local administration, one which belied the conservatism of the estate's representatives in Stuttgart. The canton was the central mediating institution between the state and the local community in old-regime Württemberg. The office of the town scribe, the Schreiberei, was the nexus of administrative life in Württemberg. Württemberg's clergy could boast membership in one of the best-run and most politically independent Protestant church hierarchies in Germany, and in many ways constituted an organic intelligentsia.

Keywords: Württemberg; institutional power; political culture; social geography; duchy; French invasions; Landtag; canton; Schreiberei; Germany

Chapter.  8409 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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