Chapter

Religion under the Valentiniani

Lenski Noel

in Failure of Empire

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780520233324
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928534 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233324.003.0006
Religion under the Valentiniani

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This chapter reports Valentinian's and Valens' attitudes toward pagans as a unified whole. The dramatic magic and treason trials that have often been used to brand both emperors as persecutors of pagans are also explored. The chapter then turns to Christian religion to see how Valens differed from his brother, primarily because of the differing circumstances in which the two operated. Valens was present at many of the magic trials in his domain, Valentinian presided only from a distance. It describes Valens' baptism by the Homoians at the beginning of his reign and the influence this had on his subsequent religious. Next, it addresses Valens' handling of the Arian crisis, which can be broken into three phases. The sudden victory of Homoousianism is unlikely to have occurred had Valens not undertaken his persecutions and above all had he not been dishonored in the manner of his death.

Keywords: Valentinian; Valens; Christian religion; Arian crisis; pagans; dramatic magic; treason trials; Homoousianism

Chapter.  27406 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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