Chapter

The Emergence of Trade Protection for the Textile and Apparel Industries

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780520233362
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928572 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0004
The Emergence of Trade Protection for the Textile and Apparel Industries

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This chapter describes the effect of the reciprocal trade agenda on the apparel industry. It also investigates congressional protectionism as it emerged in response to the political and economic relationship between the United States and the newly industrializing countries of Asia and the growing volumes of apparel imports that began to enter the U.S. markets. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) provided the framework within which the United States opened its markets to imported goods from Europe. The Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act of 1934 is described. John F. Kennedy's concerns for trade liberalization and communist containment were the same as those of Truman and Eisenhower and were motivated by the same foreign-policy objectives. The limits of the Kennedy compromise are also presented. The Kennedy compromise did not resolve the battle over trade protection.

Keywords: reciprocal trade agenda; apparel industry; congressional protectionism; United States; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act; John F. Kennedy; trade liberalization; communist containment

Chapter.  8761 words. 

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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