Chapter

Trade Liberalization for Textiles and Apparel

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780520233362
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520928572 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0009
Trade Liberalization for Textiles and Apparel

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This chapter provides a discussion of the history and implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It has facilitated the growth of a vertically integrated textile and apparel complex in Mexico increasingly owned and controlled by U.S. textile and apparel transnationals. The Special Regime was intended to support the growth of Mexico's export-processing sector and the country's expanding maquiladoras, at the expense of its domestic producers. NAFTA has made Mexico a serious competitor to the Caribbean Basin countries as a site for production of apparel for export to U.S. markets. The influence of trade liberalization on Latin America is described. When the new regime of global sourcing replaced the older quota system, the U.S. textile and apparel complex was confronted by a large and growing textile-and apparel-producing industry in selected Caribbean Basin countries and in Mexico.

Keywords: North American Free Trade Agreement; trade liberalization; textile; apparel; Caribbean Basin countries; U.S. markets; Mexico

Chapter.  9740 words. 

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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