Edward Berenson

in Heroes of Empire

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780520234277
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520947191 | DOI:

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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Henry Morton Stanley, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Charles Gordon, Jean-Baptiste Marchand, and Hubert Lyautey—five men who became charismatic heroes and exemplars of empire—resonated in their countries after the end of their African careers, and in some cases even, or especially, after their deaths. For most of the five, charisma gave way to celebrity and fame, as they no longer exercised authority in a Weberian sense. Although the five men played comparable roles, there were important differences among them. Marchand alone had no women prominently in his life. The memory of Brazza, a powerful, charismatic outsider implicated in none of the Congo's ethnic and ideological conflicts, could perhaps become a symbol around which the country's divided people could unite.

Keywords: Henry Morton Stanley; Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza; Charles Gordon; Jean-Baptiste Marchand; Hubert Lyautey; Congo; charisma

Chapter.  8978 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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