Chapter

Random Violence

Donald E. Miller and Lorna Touryan Miller

in Armenia

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2003 | ISBN: 9780520234925
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929142 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520234925.003.0003
Random Violence

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Riots and pogroms ignited in Armenia, both in Sumgait and the capital city, Baku. Due to these kinds of violence, Armenians were forced to leave. Before the Sumgait pogroms, Armenians had lived amicably among Azerbaijan nationals for more than a half century, in spite of the Turkish massacres in 1918. Armenians are a friendly and civilized people, which is why they were shocked when they suddenly became a target of Azerbaijan aggression when they sought independence for Nagorno-Karabakh and Yerevan. However, they ignored the attacks because they had a good relationship with their Azeri neighbors. As violence continued to grow, pogroms started to spread in Baku, and civil disturbances against Armenians continued until 1989. The Armenian cathedral in Baku, which is a symbol of Armenian identity, was burned. Intimidation and hostility towards Armenians intensified because of their claims for independence in Nagorno-Karabakh.

Keywords: Armenians; violence; pogroms; Baku; Azerbaijan; massacre; independence

Chapter.  9224 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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