Chapter

Sources of Global Identity

Ronald Niezen

in The Origins of Indigenism

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780520235540
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936690 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520235540.003.0003
Sources of Global Identity

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This chapter approaches the historical questions with ethnographic comparison between the experiences of marginalization, oppression, and claims of special rights by one indigenous society in Canada and another in West Africa. These two cases help show some of the various ways distinct societies or peoples claiming indigenous identity are marginalized and diminished by states, dominant ethnic groups, and multinational corporations. Although this chapter does not present the complete tool kit of oppression employed against distinct societies, the strategies encountered—and those that seem to stimulate most clearly grievance and identity politics—range from ethnocidal policies to the perpetration of ethnic cleansing. The Canada/Africa comparison also reveals something of the history of the indigenous peoples' movement itself, for it was through an extension of participation in international consultations and standard-setting exercises to self-identifying indigenous peoples from Africa and Asia in the 1990s that the indigenous peoples' movement became more fully global.

Keywords: ethnocidal policies; ethnographic comparison; indigenous peoples; indigenous identity

Chapter.  15087 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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