A Nation within the Nation?

Schechter Ronald

in Obstinate Hebrews

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2003 | ISBN: 9780520235571
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929357 | DOI:
A Nation within the Nation?

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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One of the most remarkable facts about the Jews of Old Regime France, when one considers its history in the longue durée, is that they existed after all. Charles VI had banned the Jews from the kingdom in 1394, and no sovereign ever voided this order. However, regardless of the official policy of intolerance to non-Catholics, Jews managed as a result of French annexations of foreign territories as well as exceptional arrangements with the crown and local authorities to trickle back into France until they numbered approximately 40,000 on the eve of the Revolution. The Jews' residence privileges in French Alsace, therefore, depended on their ability to appear useful to the state. The state at the same time was not the only power determining the Jews' fate.

Keywords: Old Regime France; longue durée; Charles VI; Revolution; French Alsace

Chapter.  7160 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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