Chapter

Biogeography of the Salton Sea

Michael A. Patten, Guy McCaskie and Philip Unitt

in Birds of the Salton Sea

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780520235939
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929449 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520235939.003.0003
Biogeography of the Salton Sea

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The Salton Sink has typically hot and dry weather. The capacious waters of the Salton Sea are home to only four species of fish. A hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis mossambica -O. urolepis) is the most common. Long before the Salton Sea was formed, lagoons, playas, and marches along the New and Alamo Rivers hosted numerous water birds, particularly herons, ducks, and shorebirds. The presence of the sea increased waterbird and seabird use of the area substantially, so much so that in 1930, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established the Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge at the south end. The Salton Sea is immensely different from all other inland bodies of water in North America. What makes it unique are its location and the geography.

Keywords: Salton Sink; species; lagoons; playas; herons

Chapter.  9056 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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