Chapter

Reconstituting the Urban Regime: Redevelopment and the Central City

Chris Rhomberg

in No There There

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780520236189
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520940888 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520236189.003.0006
Reconstituting the Urban Regime: Redevelopment and the Central City

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This chapter begins with the structural change in Oakland's racial composition, and in particular the growth of the African American population and its concentration in the city center. It then summarizes the elites' efforts to reconstruct a developmental regime oriented toward regional expansion and maintaining the hegemony of downtown. The downtown elite's agenda called for major land-use restructuring in order to reclaim the city center, now surrounded by a growing concentration of African Americans. The renewal projects that were planned for West Oakland are elaborated. In order to preserve the metropolitan dominance of downtown, the elites in Oakland pursued a series of major developmental projects in transportation, economic infrastructure, and housing, organized through a proliferation of semiautonomous bureaucratic agencies. The trajectory of the poverty program in Oakland reflects the changing relationship between social groups and political institutions in the process of mobilization.

Keywords: Oakland; African Americans; regional expansion; downtown hegemony; downtown elite; mobilization

Chapter.  10095 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Race and Ethnicity

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