Andrew E. Barshay

in The Social Sciences in Modern Japan

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780520236455
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520941335 | DOI:

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Japanese capitalism was classified as inherently, structurally deviant, and only the deus ex machina of an external shock could alter it. Kozaha Marxism managed to reproduce conceptually that to which it was morally and politically most opposed: the world of the “national polity” and the real conditions of exploitation that underlay the imperial regime. The notion of civil society developed by Uchida and Hirata could only have emerged under particularist impetus, and only in a world in which the imperial state claimed to function as the ontological locus of moral values. Civil society itself no longer required the protective mantle of a mechanistic economism and was freed to assume the ethico-political character it had always covertly possessed. Maruyama was uncomfortable with the notion of civil society, but there is no room for doubt that he invested that of modernity with as potent an intellectual and moral charge as he could muster.

Keywords: Kohaza Marxism; national polity; economism; modernity

Chapter.  6574 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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