Chapter

Internal Relations

Anthony T. Edwards

in Hesiod's Ascra

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780520236585
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929579 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520236585.003.0003
Internal Relations

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This chapter addresses the evidence provided by Hesiod for the internal organization of his community. It explains the organization and priorities of the individual household and the mode of integration of these individual households into more complex structures. The oikos is most closely associated in Hesiod's mind with the hoarding of grain. Relationships between households in Hesiod's Ascra were based on a form of balanced reciprocity. It reviews the statuses that receive explicit acknowledgment from Hesiod. The material basis for status distinctions in Ascra is investigated. It returns to the question of the basileus: Did Ascra have its own, local basileus? The testimony of Works and Days suggests that the ideology of the mesos preserves the values and egalitarianism of the villages, reaching back to the Dark Age, which preceded the rise of the polis.

Keywords: Ascra; community; Hesiod; internal organization; oikos; basileus; Dark Age; Works and Days

Chapter.  21627 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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