Chapter

An Exception to Chilean Exceptionalism?

Susan Eva Eckstein and Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley

in What Justice? Whose Justice?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520237445
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936980 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520237445.003.0003
An Exception to Chilean Exceptionalism?

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The 1960s and 1970s witnessed the Latin American intelligentsia define social justice in contrast to formal justice—while the former was characterized as derivative of radical restructuring of socio-economic relations, the latter was condemned as bourgeois and epiphenomenal. However, in the wake of overwhelming authoritarian excess of the Latin American regimes, the intelligentsia was compelled to embrace the bourgeois concepts of rights and the rule of law for the sake of sustaining democratic institutions. The construction of a system of checks and balances required a pro-active judiciary, concerned in maintaining the sanctity of constitutionalism and the rule of law. This chapter seeks to analyze the historical role of the Chilean judiciary, which is deemed as at an advantage in context of its scope for assimilating the maintenance of both democracy and the rule of law. The Chilean judiciary acts as a strong bulwark against the overpolitcization of public life.

Keywords: formal justice; rule of law; judiciary; bourgeois; citizenship; constitutionalism

Chapter.  14508 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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