Chapter

The War of the Peace

Susan Eva Eckstein and Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley

in What Justice? Whose Justice?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520237445
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520936980 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520237445.003.0011
The War of the Peace

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Counterinsurgency warfare is characterized by pan-social militarization with armed men assuming the role of police, judge, executioner, and even social-welfare agents. Women become particular targets as their very presence in military controlled spaces constitutes a challenge to the military's authority, and hence is punishable by rape/killing. Records of huge bodycounts instigated public outrage, prompting the US to curtail military aid to Latin American countries. While this certainly minimized the bodycount, the disintegration of fabric of civil society was accelerated by the military. As the group most involved in production for basic subsistence, smallplot cultivators, mostly women, were particularly threatened by the militarization of the region. Against this backdrop, Zapatista guerillas fought for undelivered promises of the past revolution. Zapatista women, in addition, sought an end to all forms of hierarchy, including male dominance at home. Zapatista women tended to be the most persistent opponents of the military in the counterinsurgency struggles.

Keywords: counterinsurgency warfare; smallplot cultivators; Zapatista; rape; militarization; civil society

Chapter.  11771 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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