Chapter

Schools, Politics, and Reform in the Nineteenth Century

Timothy B. Weston

in The Power of Position

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780520237674
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929906 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520237674.003.0002
Schools, Politics, and Reform in the Nineteenth Century

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Western learning is an omnibus term, used to refer to academic subjects studied in Europe, the United States, and, more recently, Japan. Sun Jia'nai implied that educational reform itself required a reorganization of China's approach to systems of knowledge. In his plan, it was understood that the university would be oriented toward the production of talent for official use and that its students would go to work for the government upon graduation. Liang Qichao proposed that Chinese and Western learning be stressed equally and that Western learning be a portion of what the Imperial University students study, but not the whole. Liang's plan suggested the prospect of a new conceptualization of modernity, one that differed from the dominant Western model then sweeping the globe. The politics and the opening of the Jingshi daxuetang are elaborated. Conservative officials still managed to find fault with the Jingshi daxuetang.

Keywords: Western learning; Sun Jia'nai; Liang Qichao; politics; Imperial University; Jingshi daxuetang; reform

Chapter.  11452 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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