Chapter

The Imperial University and Late-Qing Beijing

Timothy B. Weston

in The Power of Position

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780520237674
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520929906 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520237674.003.0003
The Imperial University and Late-Qing Beijing

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The imperial government's focus on education for the purpose of training servants of the state left a vacuum that was swiftly filled by the private efforts of the Jiangnan elite. Zhang Baixi declared that the Imperial University needed to have a vibrant translation bureau. Many of the officials Zhang hired and upon whom he relied for advice—Shen Zhaozhi, Li Xisheng, Zhang Heling, Zeng Guangquan, and Zhao Congfan—were closely aligned with Wang Kangnian, one of the leading reformers of 1898. The transitional character of the university's culture is addressed. The Qing government faced a delicate and challenging situation—a large-scale, patriotic, and highly emotional student movement spreading across the country, in direct violation of the state's ban on student interference in politics. Zhang Zhidong's reorganization and domestication of the university is then discussed. It was Zhang had secured a grant of two million taels that permitted its further development.

Keywords: Imperial University; late-Qing Beijing; Zhang Baixi; Zhang Zhidong; Qing government; Jiangnan elite

Chapter.  16297 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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