Chapter

. Technology Transfer: A Behavioral Framework

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Draw the Lightning Down

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780520238022
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520939851 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520238022.003.0012
. Technology Transfer: A Behavioral Framework

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This chapter describes the technology-transfer framework that helped in investigating the differentiation of electrical technology in the Enlightenment. It draws upon the material on behavioral theory from archaeology. The technology-transfer framework should be general enough to accommodate any groups that acquire and modify the technology of interest. Regardless of the nature of the communities (or technologies) involved, technology transfer can be modeled as a six-phase process. These phases, namely information transfer, experimentation, redesign, replication, acquisition, and use, are discussed in detail. It is suggested that the most important use of the framework is to establish the behavioral parameters on which to fashion contextualized narratives of technological differentiation. It is concluded that electrical technology was differentiated by literate and clever individuals of diverse socioeconomic, religious, and national backgrounds who took part in varied activities—scientific, political, recreational, or medical.

Keywords: technology-transfer framework; behavioral theory; archaeology; electrical technology; Enlightenment; information transfer; experimentation; redesign; replication; acquisition

Chapter.  5221 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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