Indigenization, Deportation, and Return

Valery Tishkov

in Chechnya

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780520238879
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930209 | DOI:
Indigenization, Deportation, and Return

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This chapter focuses on the indigenization, deportation, and return of Chechens during the discourse of history, and its sociopolitical effects. Traditionally in anthropology, cultural phenomena are explained as part of a historical continuum, and the Chechen national revolution and war elicited a plethora of interpretations involving the entire recorded and mythic history of Chechens, and their relationship to Russia and the rest of the USSR. Evidence from Chechen citizens, mainly those from ethnic Chechen backgrounds, makes clear that strides were made toward modernization during the Soviet period. Though the regime's repression, particularly the 1944 deportation, dealt a heavy blow to the social and demographic structure of Chechnya, it was preceded and followed by a policy of encouraging Chechen culture and the economic potential of the Checheno-Ingush Autonomous Republic as a constituent unit of the Russian Federation under the USSR. But while Chechnya remained a dynamic society moving at the pace of the modern world, contradictory state policies would eventually contribute to the outbreak of war.

Keywords: deportation; indigenization; anthropology; Checheno-Ingush; sociopolitical dynamics

Chapter.  7417 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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