Chapter

Religion and the Chechen Conflict

Valery Tishkov

in Chechnya

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780520238879
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930209 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520238879.003.0011
Religion and the Chechen Conflict

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This chapter explores the impact of religion on the Chechen conflict. Historically, Islam tended to take moderate forms in Chechnya. Leading experts on Islam in the North Caucasus recognize that before the formation of Shamil's imamate in the middle of the nineteenth century, the 'adat system of social norms based on local customs, mainly of non-Islamic origin, reigned in Dagestan and Chechnya. In the Soviet period, Chechnya was subjected to a considerable amount of anti-religious propaganda and the Soviet bureaucracy spent much time dismantling old customs that it believed hampered social and economic progress. Liberalization under Gorbachev after the mid-1980s altered religious contexts. There was now greater freedom for clerical activities, including hajj (pilgrimages to Mecca), openly preaching Islam, and the publishing of religious texts. The mass revival of Islam in the period of conflict can be seen as a search for God in circumstances so extraordinary as to place one's life beyond one's own control.

Keywords: Chechen conflict; Shamil's imamate; 'adat system; Soviet bureaucracy; hajj; Dagestan

Chapter.  7921 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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