This chapter attempts to stimulate and reconstruct an important dimension of the lived experience of ancient Greek women. It discusses the different disciplines in the history of women. Ancient Greek women were secluded within the private house-hold, or aikos, and excluded from the public areas of endeavor valued by their culture, such as politics, law, commerce, and art. They were often required to act through a “guardian” rather than exercise independent agency, and were usually restricted in terms of their property rights and rights within marriage. Women usually presided over certain public and private celebrations. They served the gods in numerous official positions, and were responsible for much of the cult activity that fostered the welfare of household and city. Women appeared to be the appropriate practitioners of any rituals connected to the agricultural year since they were often seen as more associated with fertility than men.
Keywords: Greek women; aikos; guardian; practitioners; marriage
Chapter. 11044 words.
Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World
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