Japanese Management of Germs in Tianjin


in Hygienic Modernity

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780520240018
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930605 | DOI:
Japanese Management of Germs in Tianjin

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This chapter provides a discussion on Japanese management of germs in Tianjin. The control of bacteria had been an integral part of Japan's presence in Tianjin, and indeed throughout all of its formal and informal imperial locales. In Japan's “informal empire” in mainland China, eisei played a central role, but its characteristics were decidedly different from eisei in Taiwan or Korea. The Japanese plague policy reflected Japanese confidence that it could bring other Asian groups into the embrace of hygienic modernity. Japanese occupation-era weisheng policies fell decidedly short of a hygienic ideal. During the Japanese occupation, the role of weisheng as a marker of inherent Chinese deficiency turned on the pivot of China as victim of violent imperialism. It was a moment that would establish weisheng as a potent basis for Chinese resistance against imperialism after the treaty ports had ceased to exist.

Keywords: Japanese management; germs; Tianjin; imperialism; weisheng; eisei; Japanese plague policy; hygienic modernity

Chapter.  13040 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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