Germ Warfare and Patriotic Weisheng


in Hygienic Modernity

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9780520240018
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930605 | DOI:
Germ Warfare and Patriotic Weisheng

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This chapter presents a description on germ warfare and the role of weisheng. The documentary record of alleged germ-warfare attacks and the Patriotic Hygiene Campaign in the city of Tianjin provides a unique window into the governance and society of the early People's Republic of China. The germ-warfare allegations and Patriotic Hygiene Campaign emerged within the highly charged political context of the early 1950s urban environment. The new Tianjin municipal health bureau tackled the public-health problems with considerable enthusiasm but limited resources. The Patriotic Hygiene Campaign consisted of two major phases: the Five Annihilations (Wu mie) and the Big Cleanup (Da qingsao). In the twentieth century, weisheng compelled the state to create a hygienically modern nation in order to counter the specter of national deficiency.

Keywords: germ warfare; weisheng; Patriotic Hygiene Campaign; Tianjin; municipal health bureau; public health; Five Annihilations; Big Cleanup

Chapter.  5958 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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