Chapter

The Pleistocene Fossils of Porcupine Cave, Colorado

Anthony D. Barnosky, Christopher J. Bell, Robert G. Raynolds and Louis H. Taylor

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780520240827
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930858 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0002
The Pleistocene Fossils of Porcupine Cave, Colorado

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Porcupine Cave is the richest source of information on Irvingtonian-age vertebrates. Hundreds of thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from Porcupine Cave, with thousands of identifiable specimens from the Pit and Velvet Room localities. This chapter documents the spatial distribution of the many different fossil localities and provides an overview of their suspected geological ages and general taphonomic settings. Most of the material described in this book was recovered from seven localities: the Badger Room, Fissure Fill A, the Gypsum Room, the Pit, and three spatially distinct excavations in the Velvet Room (Mark's Sink, DMNH 644, and CM 1927/UCMP V93175). Of these, the Pit locality provides the main basis for interpreting the effects of middle Pleistocene environmental change on ecology and evolution.

Keywords: Porcupine Cave; Irvingtonian-age vertebrates; Pit; Velvet Room; fossil localities; Badger Room; Fissure Fill A; Gypsum Room; Mark's Sink

Chapter.  8885 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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