Chapter

Non Iudicium sed Latrocinium

Michael Gaddis

in There Is No Crime for Those Who Have Christ

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780520241046
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930902 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520241046.003.0009
Non Iudicium sed Latrocinium

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This chapter addresses the Christological controversies and episcopal rivalries of the first half of the fifth century, a true “civil war” within the church that brought together all the different aspects of violence explored. The successive councils of Ephesus II and Chalcedon set forth competing paradigms of religious authority, the first placing holy zeal above legal procedure in order to condemn heretics, the second emphasizing legitimate hierarchical authority and projecting a rhetoric of stability and consensus against the twin threats of the tyrannical power of the bishop of Alexandria and the anarchic violence of zealous holy men. The violence unleashed within the church by Dioscorus, Barsauma, and Eutyches had proven to be far more destructive than the orderly and respectful violence of the state. The rule of the emperor in the church was far less dangerous than the rule of a bishop who tried to act like an emperor.

Keywords: holy synods; robber councils; Dioscorus; Barsauma; Eutyches; Ephesus II; Chalcedon; violence; holy zeal; zealous holy men

Chapter.  17984 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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