The Pope, the Pandolfini, and the <i>Parrochiani</i> of S. Martino a Gangalandi (1465)

Jeff Mielke

in Living on the Edge in Leonardo's Florence

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780520241343
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520930995 | DOI:
The Pope, the Pandolfini, and the Parrochiani of S. Martino a Gangalandi (1465)

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This chapter focuses on the lineage of Messer Carlo Pandolfini, one of Florence's most prominent citizens in the fifteenth century. Pandolfini belonged to the inner circle of Medici partisans who were among the major figures in the state and the regime. He was awarded a knighthood, occupied most of the city's major offices, participated in civic debates, and was sent on important diplomatic missions. While the Pandolfini were relatively recent immigrants to Italy and did not have the status of the most ancient lineages, they were not ignoble. In this chapter, the focus is on the family's effort to win the priory of S. Martino a Gangalandi, near Signa. This zone was the ancestral home of the Pandolfini. Carlo Pandolfini petitioned the pope to grant him the patronage rights (giuspatronatus) to S. Martino, and to authorize him to appoint the prior instead of the church's parishioners. This aim to gain the priory of S. Martino was met by opposition from Leon Battista Alberti, who had been the occupant of the benefice since 1432. Pandolfini won the dispute, eliminating Alberti from his post as abbreviator and giving Pandolfini the rights to name the successor of the priory. This move was Pandolfini's effort to insert his lineage into the ecclesiastical structure of his ancestral base and into the Tuscan church. This strategy of infiltration into the ecclesiastical structure of its ancestral base continued until 1473.

Keywords: Messer Carlo Pandolfini; Medici partisans; S. Martino; patronage rights; giuspatronatus; Leon Battista Alberti

Chapter.  3073 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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