The Red Sea Basin and Indian Ocean

Getzel M. Cohen

in The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780520241480
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931022 | DOI:
The Red Sea Basin and Indian Ocean

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This chapter reviews the settlements in Ampelome, Arsinoe/Kleopatris, Arsinoe near Deire, Arsinoe Trogodytika, Berenike Epi Dires, Berenike Ezion Geber, Berenike near Sabai, Berenike Panchrysos, Berenike Trogodytika, Dioskorides, Kleopatris, Klysma, Leuke Kome, Leukos Limen, Myos Hormos, Nechesia, Philotera, and Ptolemais Theron. Berenike was located on the western shore of the Red Sea, near the Bab el-Mandeb. Klysma was an important naval station in late antiquity and the early Byzantine period. Myos Hormos had a large port with a “curved entrance”; offshore were three islands. It was also the chief port for trade with Africa and India. Ptolemais was founded for the purpose of hunting elephants in the nearby hunting grounds.

Keywords: Ampelome; Arsinoe; Berenike Ezion Geber; Berenike Panchrysos; Dioskorides; Klysma; Leukos Limen; Myos Hormos; Nechesia; Ptolemais Theron

Chapter.  18776 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology

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