Chapter

The Struggle over Power

Joseph Roisman

in The Rhetoric of Manhood

Published by University of California Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780520241923
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931138 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520241923.003.0007
The Struggle over Power

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This chapter concentrates on the struggle over political power between the demos and the orators, against the backdrop of Athenian perceptions and expectations about masculinity. It also explores the asymmetrical relationship between speakers and their audiences and the key ways in which this relationship affected the manner and contents of their addresses. The moral superiority of the demos justified their judicial and political power. Politicians often differentiate themselves from their rivals on the basis of qualities associated with normative manhood, including civic courage and personal probity. Pity is an inherent quality of Athenian jurors and other representatives of the demos. The manhood of the audience and the speaker is also described. The orations generally point up the very close connection between political power and manhood in fourth-century Athens.

Keywords: struggle; political power; demos; orators; masculinity; Athens; manhood; judicial power

Chapter.  14320 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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