Chapter

Prosauropoda

Peter M. Galton and Paul Upchurch

in The Dinosauria

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780520242098
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520941434 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0014
Prosauropoda

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This chapter discusses the anatomy, evolution, biogeography, taphonomy, paleoecology, and paleobiology of prosauropaud dinosaurs. Prosauropods have been found on all the major continents, including Antarctica. They were medium- to large-sized, bipedal, facultatively bipedal or quadrupedal sauropodomorphs with long necks and tails. Prosauropods were probably the slowest of the bipedal dinosaurs but better runners than most other quadrupedal dinosaurs. Among prosauropods, Saturnalia and Thecodontosaurus are considered fully bipedal. Riojasaurus and other melanorosaurids were fully quadrupedal and the remaining prosauropods were probably only facultatively bipedal.

Keywords: prosauropods; sauropodomorphs; Saturnalia; Thecodontosaurus; Riojasaurus; melanorosaurids

Chapter.  21778 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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