Chapter

“Pressure, More Pressure, and Still More Pressure”

Lucy G. Barber

in Marching on Washington

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2004 | ISBN: 9780520242159
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520931206 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520242159.003.0005
“Pressure, More Pressure, and Still More Pressure”

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Eugene Davidson captured a brief account entitled “The Birth of Executive Order 8802” after serving as the assistant director for the march. This executive order against racial discrimination in military contracting during World War II was one of the only concrete changes in federal policy directly attributable to any march on Washington—the first protest to fulfill the original hopes of Carl Browne and Jacob Coxey for their immediate federal action. This result is particularly striking because the Negro March of 1941 never actually happened. At the last minute, the march's organizers decided to call it off. And this is largely why, for a generation of activists such as Davidson, the threatened Negro March on Washington represented the potential for political demonstrations in the capital to generate new policies and build political movements. The Negro March was conceived of by A. Philip Randolph, a prominent labor and civil rights activist.

Keywords: Eugene Davidson; Negro March; activists; discrimination; Jacob Coxey

Chapter.  12208 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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